Perhaps you just purchased your first home with a yard. Or maybe you’ve been a “mow it and forget it” type for years. Many folks have no clue where to begin or what their grass need to grow. Check out our lawn care for beginners suggestions to produce a nice, green yard that you can enjoy all year!
Assess Your Lawn Baseline
The first step in lawn maintenance for novices is to establish a baseline. You should evaluate your lawn to determine what measures you need to take to enhance it.
Is your lawn overgrown with crabgrass and weeds? Do you have dead patches from outside furniture or dogs all over your house? Is your yard so overgrown that you can’t plant fresh plants or trees? All of these issues are signs of an unhealthy lawn and will take time and effort to repair.
On the other side, you may just need to reseed and water a few places. Knowing where you are and what your ideal lawn looks like can assist you in developing a strategy and a timetable.
Develop a Backyard Game Plan
Once you understand the existing state of your grass, you may build a strategy to produce the yard you want. Most lawn care regimens include five major components:
Weeding keeps your grass looking even and attractive. It also helps your grass grow since weeds don’t steal its sunshine, water, and nutrients.
Some of the most common weeds you may come across are:
- White Clover
The most efficient technique to eliminate weeds is to pluck them by hand, roots and all. If you have a densely weeded yard, you may want to use a spray to kill the weeds instead. There are also a variety of natural and organic weed-killing choices for individuals who are concerned about leaving their children or pets outdoors after spraying.
When it comes to lawn care for beginners, correct mowing is essential for a healthy grass. Sharpen your blade before the mowing season begins to ensure a clean cut. Also, wait until your grass has dried out after rain or irrigation before mowing.
And, although it may throw your schedule off, it’s always ideal to mow your lawn depending on its growth rather than the day of the week. Before mowing your lawn, wait until it has grown 13 times its trimmed height.
Before you can fertilize your grass, you must first understand its makeup. Take a soil sample for a pH test (some home and garden stores will even test your soil for free!). You’ll be able to choose the best fertilizer once you know what your soil is missing.
There are many natural and non-toxic fertilizers available these days, and you may even fertilize with compost depending on the demands of your land. When you purchase fertilizer, some home and garden stores (such as Stauffers) will even let you borrow a spreader for free.
While you may observe neighbors watering their lawns several times each week throughout the summer, most yards do not need such regular irrigation.
If you have a dry week, a good watering should keep your grass moist. Water thoroughly once a week if you live in a typically dry region. Because it enables the water to seep deeply into the soil and grass roots, one deep soak is more beneficial than a few superficial waterings a week.
Water on gloomy days or early in the morning if possible, since direct sunshine might cause the water to evaporate before it has time to soak in. prevent watering at night to prevent inviting fungus into your grass.
Aerating your lawn increases air to the soil, allowing air, fertilizer, and water to reach the plant roots. If you’ve never aerated your lawn before, you should buy or rent a plug or spike aerator. In general, plug aerators are more successful in severely compacted lawns, while spike aerators are better in naturally looser soil. If you’re not sure which is best for your grass, talk to someone at your local home and garden shop.
Aerate your soil just once every several years to provide air without injuring grass roots. Most individuals aerate their lawns in the spring and/or autumn to assist their grass withstand the worst weather of the year. For a healthy, lush grass, moisten (but do not soak) your lawn first, then use your aerator tool on the whole yard.
Following aeration, you should seed any thin or yellowing patches where the grass has perished. Begin by determining the sort of grass or grasses you have. Planting an existing or native grass ensures that the grass seed you choose will thrive in your local environment.
If you live in the Northern United States, you most likely have a cool-weather grass, such as Kentucky Bluegrass or Fescue. If you live in the south, you most likely have a warm-weather grass, such as Bermuda Grass or Zoysia.
Spread the seed on any patchy parts of your lawn that have been damaged by dogs, youngsters, furniture, or winter salting after you’ve decided the sort of grass seed you want. Check the bag for instructions to prevent overseeding and to avoid areas that are already growing well. Seeding healthy areas will not result in a lush, attractive lawn, but it will make the grass tougher and more difficult to maintain.
Create a Seasonal Lawn Care Guide
Making a consistent routine is one of the keys of lawn care for beginners. A lawn care program, similar to a cleaning schedule for your house, will ensure that everything is done in a timely way. These seasonal checklists can assist you in caring for your yard throughout the year.
Winter Lawn Care
While you may not consider winter to be optimum season for your grass, it is critical to prepare your yard for the colder months. You can help your grass survive the winter by doing a few simple steps:
- Remove furniture , fire pits, and children’s toys to keep inside. When these objects are kept in the same location all winter, they may destroy your vegetation.
- Clear debris , as well as leaves and sticks from your yard. These objects may encourage mold and mildew growth and hinder your grass from obtaining enough air, water, and nutrients.
- Be careful when de-icing chemicals and rock salt are used on pavement near your home. These compounds may build up on the borders and soon damage vegetation.
Spring Lawn Care
Spring is the ideal time for your grass to recover after a long winter and prepare for the hot summer months. These four methods will help you easily manage your lawn:
- Aerate Use a plug or spike aerator to let air, water, and nutrients reach your grass’s roots. Then, seed any spots that are thin or yellowing.
- Mow When you find your grass has begun to grow again, elevate your blade a notch or two to assist your lawn in re-developing deep roots. Many individuals wait too long to mow their grass, then compensate by cutting it too short, limiting its development.
- Water Only when there is a severe drought. In the spring, there is usually enough of rain, so you won’t need to water at all.
Summer Lawn Care
While summer is often thought of as a high-maintenance season for lawns, it is really one of the simplest times of year to cultivate a lush, green yard. Check out these four easy steps to a beautiful summer lawn:
- Fertilize To foster fresh growth at the start of the season.
- Control weeds Spot treatments or hand-pulling bigger weeds are effective methods. To prevent spreading seeds for new weeds, weed before mowing.
- Mow Regularly and often enough that you never trim more than one-third of the height of the grass. Mow taller in the summer to help keep weeds at bay.
- Water Only during dry stretches of a week or longer can I breathe deeply. Keep an eye on the weather forecast so you can water your lawn before it becomes too dry, and consider building a rain barrel to prevent wasting water.
Fall Lawn Care
Fall lawn care for beginners is all about preparing your grass for the winter. Here are a few easy actions to take before the cold arrives:
- Rake up leaves and pick up sticks often. This will avoid dead areas in your lawn as well as the growth of mold and mildew, both of which may contribute to allergies and insect activity in your home.
- Mow your grass with the blade set a few notches lower. Shorter grass will be able to survive without being buried beneath layers of snow.
- Clean your mower and sharpen your blade after your last mowing – it’ll save you time in the spring!
- Fertilize in the early autumn, then again in the late fall for a thicker grass. A thick grass implies stronger roots and fewer weeds, therefore this is one of the most crucial measures in having a lovely lawn in the spring!